Guide to Hindustani Classical Music: You would never need anything else
Origins of Hindustani Classical Music

Hindustani Classical Music, also known as "Shastriya Sangeet" or "Klasiki Mausiqi" was originated in the form of Vedic Chants in 12th Century CE. The place of origin for Hindustani Classical music is know to be Northern India, Pakistan, Banglashdesh, Nepal and few parts of Afghanistan. In today's world, it is one of the two major classical music forms namely:

  • Carnatic (Karnatak) Music originated mainly in Southern India and
  • Hindustani Classical Music.
Characteristics

Because of it's roots in Samaveda (Sama meaning Song), Hindustani Classical Music has a central notion of melodic mode (which is similar to the chanting of Srutis of Rigveda), often referred to as Ragas which are sung in a rhythmic cycle which is known as Tala. Hindustani Classical Music was mainly a form of Art in 12 century with a classification of masters of the arts as Pandits for hindus and Ustads for Muslims. It was also a religiously neutral art form as witnessed by the Sufi music where ustads often sang songs about Hindu Deities and vice versa.

Music In Vedas and Vedic Era

The concept of tones or notes of 7 originally came from Samveda where it gave structure to the singing of the verses of Rigveda. These seven notes were:

  • Krusht
  • Pratham
  • Dwitiya
  • Tritiya
  • Chaturth
  • Mandra
  • Atiswar

At that time the only fixed frequency instrument was flute so these notes are with respect to notes of the flute. Music was also intensively depicted in the religious scriptures like Ramayana, where Narada was an accomplished musician and so does Ravana. Saraswati is the goddess of knowledge and music with her Veena. The most important text on music is Bharata's Natya Shastra which deals with different styles of music, dance and drama including the emotional responses of the listener or viewer. The term Raga gets its meaning also from Bharata's Natya Shastra.

Main Concepts

Swara, Thaat, Shruti, Raga, Sargam, Tala, Laya, Bandish, Gharan

Musical Instruments

Sitar, Sarod, Veena, Bansuri, Santoor, Shehnai, Sarangi, Tambura, Tabla, Pakhavaj

Genres

Dhrupad, Dhamar, Khyal, Tarana, Sadra

Semi-Classical Genres

Thumri, Dadra, Tappa, Kajari, Chaiti, Sawani, Hori, Bhajan, Abhang, Natyageet, Qawwali, Ghazal

Thaats

Bilaval, Khamaj, Kafi, Asavari, Bhairav, Bhairavi, Todi, Purvi, Marwa, Kalyan

05/2018 Raga Gauri - Beauty from Guru Granth Sahib (Aroh, Avaroh, Pakad and Shabad) 05/2018 Raga Malkauns (Malkosh) or Hindolam - Learn to sing with notes Aroh, Avaroh, Rasa 05/2018 Raga Pahadi - Learning Notes, Aroh, Avaroh and Bollywood Songs 03/2018 Raga Pilu: Most Soothing Raga of Hindustani Classical Music 03/2018 Raga Shivaranjani Notes - Learn with Aroh, Avaroh notes with Pdf Download 02/2018 Raga Bilawal Notes: Saragam, Jaati, Lakshan Geet with Pdf Download 02/2018 Raga Bhimpalasi with Notes, Lakshan Geet (PDF Download) 02/2018 Raga Durga in Hindi with Notes, Lakshan Geet and Bandhish - Download PDF 01/2018 Which wind instruments are used in Indian Classical Music: History, Origin and Facts 12/2017 Percussion Instruments of Indian Classical Music: History, Origin and Facts 12/2017 Which String Instruments are used in Indian Classical Music: History, Origin and Facts about them 12/2017 Jaatis of Ragas - Difference between Thaats and Jaati of Raga 12/2017 Raga Asavari /Asaavari with Notes and Saragam 10/2017 Raga Yaman with Saragam, Notes, Bandhish and Lakshan Geet with Pdf Download 06/2017 What are Sruti or Shruti in Hindustani Classical Music: History Origin and Facts 06/2017 10 Thaats in Hindustani Classical Music: Most Important 05/2017 Guide to Hindustani Classical Music: You would never need anything else 05/2017 Why You Should Learn an Instrument as a Vocalist? 05/2017 Raga Kalavati and how to sing it with Aroh, Avaroh, Pakad, Lakshan Geet and Bandhish 05/2017 Raga Hamir or Raaga Hameer and how to sing it with Pakad, Lakshan Geet and Bandhish with Pdf Download 05/2017 11 Best Ragas Used In Bollywood Music 03/2017 Raaga Kedar or Raga Kedara: Learn its History, Origin and Facts with Download Pdf 02/2017 How to sing Ragas and how to improve Singing. The best 5 ways to improve your singing 02/2017 Raga Desh, Desh: With Lakshan Geet, Notes and Bandhish with Download Pdf 02/2017 Raga Bhairav or Bhairava with Lakshan Geet and Bandhish with Pdf Download 02/2017 Ashta Prahar in Indian Classical Music (Times of days) and Ragas for them 02/2017 What is Saragam or Sa Re Ga Ma? Where does Saragam or sa re ga ma come from? 01/2017 Nava Rasa (Rasas) Meaning and Usage in Indian Classical Music 01/2017 Alankar Saralies 2 (ADVANCED) 01/2017 Raga Saranga with Lakshan Geet, Notes and Bandhish 02/2011 Raga Durga with Notes, Lakshan Geet and Bandhish 01/2011 Raga Bhoop, Bhupali or Bhoopali with Notes, Lakshan Geet and Bandhish 01/2011 Alankar Saralies for beginners
05/2018 Raga Gauri - Beauty from Guru Granth Sahib (Aroh, Avaroh, Pakad and Shabad) 05/2018 Raga Malkauns (Malkosh) or Hindolam - Learn to sing with notes Aroh, Avaroh, Rasa 05/2018 Raga Pahadi - Learning Notes, Aroh, Avaroh and Bollywood Songs 03/2018 Raga Pilu: Most Soothing Raga of Hindustani Classical Music 03/2018 Raga Shivaranjani Notes - Learn with Aroh, Avaroh notes with Pdf Download 02/2018 Raga Bilawal Notes: Saragam, Jaati, Lakshan Geet with Pdf Download 02/2018 Raga Bhimpalasi with Notes, Lakshan Geet (PDF Download) 02/2018 Raga Durga in Hindi with Notes, Lakshan Geet and Bandhish - Download PDF 01/2018 Which wind instruments are used in Indian Classical Music: History, Origin and Facts 12/2017 Percussion Instruments of Indian Classical Music: History, Origin and Facts 12/2017 Which String Instruments are used in Indian Classical Music: History, Origin and Facts about them 12/2017 Jaatis of Ragas - Difference between Thaats and Jaati of Raga 12/2017 Raga Asavari /Asaavari with Notes and Saragam 10/2017 Raga Yaman with Saragam, Notes, Bandhish and Lakshan Geet with Pdf Download 06/2017 What are Sruti or Shruti in Hindustani Classical Music: History Origin and Facts 06/2017 10 Thaats in Hindustani Classical Music: Most Important 05/2017 Guide to Hindustani Classical Music: You would never need anything else 05/2017 Why You Should Learn an Instrument as a Vocalist? 05/2017 Raga Kalavati and how to sing it with Aroh, Avaroh, Pakad, Lakshan Geet and Bandhish 05/2017 Raga Hamir or Raaga Hameer and how to sing it with Pakad, Lakshan Geet and Bandhish with Pdf Download 05/2017 11 Best Ragas Used In Bollywood Music 03/2017 Raaga Kedar or Raga Kedara: Learn its History, Origin and Facts with Download Pdf 02/2017 How to sing Ragas and how to improve Singing. The best 5 ways to improve your singing 02/2017 Raga Desh, Desh: With Lakshan Geet, Notes and Bandhish with Download Pdf 02/2017 Raga Bhairav or Bhairava with Lakshan Geet and Bandhish with Pdf Download 02/2017 Ashta Prahar in Indian Classical Music (Times of days) and Ragas for them 02/2017 What is Saragam or Sa Re Ga Ma? Where does Saragam or sa re ga ma come from? 01/2017 Nava Rasa (Rasas) Meaning and Usage in Indian Classical Music 01/2017 Alankar Saralies 2 (ADVANCED) 01/2017 Raga Saranga with Lakshan Geet, Notes and Bandhish 02/2011 Raga Durga with Notes, Lakshan Geet and Bandhish 01/2011 Raga Bhoop, Bhupali or Bhoopali with Notes, Lakshan Geet and Bandhish 01/2011 Alankar Saralies for beginners