Jaatis of Ragas - Difference between Thaats and Jaati of Raga

A Raga is nothing but a selection or a combination of specific Swaras from the Saptak.

Later the musicologist Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande classified Ragas in 10 specific Thaats (For more information see: Thaats)

There are certain Ragas in which all the Seven Sounds (Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni) are used and such Ragas are called “Complete Ragas”.

There are certain other Ragas in which only Six or Five swaras are used.

The sounds (Swaras) which are not used are called Varjit Swara or Prohibited Sound.

Such Ragas with Six Sounds are called Sharav Raga.

There are certain Ragas in which only five Sounds are used. Such a Raga is called Auruv Raga.

All in all, the Ragas can be classified in Jaatis (Castes) based on the Number of Swaras whereas Thaats are a classification technique based on the Type of the Swaras.

There are mainly Nine castes (Jaati) of Ragas as explained below:

Complete Raga

The Ragas where all the seven Swaras are used in Aroh and Avaroh is “Complete Raga”.

Example:
Aroh

Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa

Avaroh

Sa Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa.

Complete Sharav Raga

The Raga in which Seven Sounds are used in Aroh and Six Sounds are used in Avaroh, is called “Complete Sharav Raga”.

Example:
Aroh

Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni SA

Avaroh

SA Ni Dha Pa Ma. Ga Sa

Complete Aurava Raga

The Raga in which there are Seven Sounds in Aroh and five Sounds in Avaroh is called a “Complete Aurava Raga”

Example:
Aroh

Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni SA

Avaroh

SA Ni Pa Ma Re Sa

Sharava Complete Raga

The Raga in which there are Six sounds in Aroh and Seven Sounds in Avaroh is called “Sharava Complete Raga” e.g.

Aroh

Sa Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni SA

Avaroh

SA Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re. Sa

Sharava-Shrava Raga

The Raga in which there are Six sounds in Aroh and Six sounds in Avaroh is called “Sharava-Shrava Raga”

Aroh

Sa Re Ga Ma Dha Ni SA

Avaroh

SA Ni Dha Ma Ga Sa

Sharava Aurava Raga

The Raga in which there are Six Sounds in Aroh and Five Sounds in Avaroh is called “Sharava Aurava Raga”

Aroh

Sa Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni SA

Avaroh

SA Dha Pa Ma Re Sa.

Aruva-Complete Raga

The Raga in which there are five sounds in Aroh and seven sounds in Avaroh is called “Aruva-Complete Raga”

Aroh

Sa Re Ma Pa Dha SA

Avaroh

SA Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa

Aruva- Sharav Raga

The Raga in which five sounds are used in Aroh and Six sounds are used in Avaroh is called “Aruva- Sharav Raga”

Aroh

Sa Re Ma Pa Dha SA

Avaroh

SA Ni Dha Pa Ma Re Sa

Aruva-Auruva Raga

The Raga in which five sounds are used in Aroh and Five sounds are used in Avaroh too is called “Aruva-Auruva Raga” e.g.

Aroh

Sa Re Ga Pa Dha SA

Avaroh

Sa Dha Pa Ga Re Sa

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